Monday, July 19, 2010

Commentary on MAC - Rodarte Cosmetic Collection

M.A.C. collection. Courtesy Photo

I'm not sure where to start with the whole Rodarte and MAC controversy/Scandal. It started , for me, yesterday when I crawled out from under the rock where I live to discover that MAC Cosmetics had teamed up with Fashion House Rodatre for a cosmetic collection due to be released on September 15, 2010. The MAC cosmetics brand is no stranger to teaming up with Fashion Designers for a makeup collection, Heatherette and Ungaro for examples, so it wasn't the fact that they were teaming up with Rodarte for a collection that was the problem... It was she sheer lack of common sense. Let me start from the beginning.

The Fashion House of Rodarte released their 2010 Winter collection back in early July I believe. And when you find out the inspiration for the collection you will scratch you head and wonder why more people didn't take notice earlier. According to Rodarte (Kate and Laura Mulleavy) the inspiration for the 2010 Winter line was drawn from a recent road trip the sisters took in Texas Last year from El Paso to Marfa. The described the "ethereal nature of the landscape" and the flowing movement of women walking to work in the dead of night as "sleepwalking" for their inspiration.

What? Really?

OK. If you know anything about the border towns along this "road trip" passage you know they run right through Juarez, Mexico. One of the most dangerous places to be a woman in THE WORLD. For more than a decade, the city of Juarez, near the US-Mexico border, has been a killing field for young women, the site of nearly 400 unsolved murders and many more abductions. Despite the horrific nature of these crimes, authorities at all levels exhibit indifference, and there is strong evidence that some officials may be involved in the crimes. Protection from punishment and corruption have permitted the criminals to continue committing these horrendous acts, knowing there will be no consequences. The police do almost nothing to stop the violence and Vincente Fox' one time solution was to offer whistles to the women that had to walk the dark roads at night so as to indicate they were being attacked.

What a sham!

The National Organization for Women have called for a stop to the Femicide that is taking place in Juarez Femicide definition: Femicide is the mass murder of women simply because they are women. It is the term that has been coined in response to the murders of nearly 400 young women on the U.S.-Mexico border in the city of Juarez, just across the border from El Paso, Texas. [1]

According to the Organization of American States's Inter-American Commission on Human Rights [2]:
"The victims of these crimes have preponderantly been young women, between 12 and 22 years of age. Many were students, and most were maquiladora workers. A number were relative newcomers to Ciudad Juarez who had migrated from other areas of Mexico. The victims were generally reported missing by their families, with their bodies found days or months later abandoned in vacant lots, outlying areas or in the desert. In most of these cases there were signs of sexual violence, torment, torture or in some cases disfigurement."
The majority of people that work in what is commonly called maquiladoras (Factories) are women. Women are chosen because they won't necessarily fight for higher wages, they won't try to unionize and because they are usually silent about mistreatment from their employers. Thanks to the 1994 NAFTA, many companies set up these maquiladoras in Mexico border towns to benefit from the free trade agreement. Unfortunately these maquiladoras are really just sweatshops that produce items for export, with 90 percent of the products destined for the United States. The maquiladoras employ mainly young women at poverty-level wages. In combination with lax environmental regulations and low tariffs under the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the maquiladoras are amassing tremendous wealth. Yet despite the crime wave, they offer almost no protection for their workers. More information on factories that operate on the border can be found here. [3]

So what does this have to do with MAC Cosmetics?
Well in September 2010 MAC will release its Collection/Collaboration with Rodarte and they will have names such as Factory, Quinceanera, Sleepwalker, Badland Ghost Town and Juarez. [4] The names in an of itself are not offensive. What is offensive is that Rodarte used the word "ethereal" to describe places like Juarez. There is NOTHING ethereal about raped and dismembered bodies of women lining ditches in a factory town. I don't blame MAC entirely for this debacle. Rodarte should take a hard look at themselves and ask if they truly understood what they were looking at on their "Road Trip" Woman walking in the middle of the night in the desert of Juarez may look "flowy" but for god sakes ladies, lets consider the in your face fact that there are women leaving their families and children to work 17 hour shifts in factories making hardly any money at all...while they risk life and limb on the way to and from work. It's like looking at a Nazi Concentration Camp and noticing how expertly the Nazis herded people from the trains and into the ovens. Such Order! Or like looking at the slums of Brazil and remarking on how lovely the white sheets look that hang on the lines between the buildings and not notice that people are living on top of one another and dying in the streets. This brings me to the main point.

Rodarte, and in some capacity MAC Cosmetics, can't see the forest for the trees. In other words: they paid too much attention to details and did not understand the general situation regarding their environment.

Sure women wearing mostly pale shades of clothing, almost rags as they walk at night in the desert may make a spectacular image, but you HAVE to stop and ask yourself...WHY are these women walking around at night, WHY are they wearing rags? WTF Rodarte? Are you all that selfish and self-centered you didn't stop for one second in your trip to question WHY you were seeing what you saw? Shame on you.

There is nothing romantic about the border towns, the maquiladoras or Juarez. Nothing I could see there would inspire me to create a line of clothing or cosmetics for white, pale, and impossibly thin women. Not to mention that no woman of color could possibly benefit from the pale and greyed out shades from the Rodarte for MAC cosmetic collection. That's neither here nor there.

I think what also bothers me, other than the glaring lack of common sense on part of Rodarte, is the cool toned pink Beauty Powder in the MAC collection called "Quinceanera"

A Quinceñera [5], or Quince años (English: "fifteen years"), is a coming of age ceremony held in some Latin American cultures on a girl's fifteenth birthday, comparable to a Sweet Sixteen celebration. Planning begins up to a year in advance, and requires the resources of several members of the family and friends. The family priest will perform a Quinceañera ceremony in church. The girl's baptismal godparents will oversee the spiritual celebration, and her many friends and relatives will attend to see the recognition she will receive as she makes the transition from girl to young lady in everyone's eyes. Quinceañera are comparable in scope and grandeur to weddings, and the party atmosphere that follows the somewhat more subdued religious atmosphere. There is a significant dress, just as with a wedding, and can be just as expensive and unique as a wedding gown. Flowers and decorations are selected to match the color scheme of the festivities, a reception is held at which guests will be served a meal and there will be dancing for all in attendance.

Here is a list [6] of just some of the girls that were murdered in Juarez and never got to celebrate their Quinceañera:
  • Isabel López Unzueta, 14, died from gun shot wounds on May 22 in Ciudad Juárez. She was shot several times by gang members when she was outside of her house talking to a neighbor and two cousins.
  • Alejandra Yanel Díaz Sánchez 13 killed while her mother was working at a Factory Maquiladora
  • Cecilia Loya, 12, murdered in the Sierra Tarahumara's Guachochi municipality. The body showed signs of being beaten and burned.
  • Barbara Jazari Batalla Alvarado, a three-year-old girl, was found four days after she disappeared, in Parrel, Chihuahua. She was found on a patio. A few days later, police found her arms and legs on a street in Ciudad de Hildalgo del Parrel.
  • Clarivel Ochoa Sánchez, 13, died on August 20 from injuries sustained on July 23, when she was shot by a man outside of her home in Ciudad Juárez.
  • Cintia Liliana Moreno Álvarez, 14, was found in Guachochi, Chihuahua next to the car she had disappeared in ten days earlier. Her body showed signs of trauma to the head and other parts of her body. Police were unsure if she died in a car accident or was murdered.
  • Cecilia Lagarda Amapa, 8, was raped and died of her injuries 7 days later
  • Airis Estrella Enríquez, 7, was found in a cement-filled drum on a highway on the outskirts of Ciudad Juárez. She had been missing since May 2. Airis had been brutally raped and killed.
  • Anhai Orozco Lerman, 10, was raped and strangled to death in her home in Ciudad Juárez

Now lest you think that MAC and Rodarte are ignoring this issue. they have both released statements [4]

We understand that product names in the M·A·C Rodarte collection have offended some of our consumers and fans. This was never our intent and we are very sorry. We are listening carefully to the comments posted and are grateful to those of you who have brought your concerns to the forefront of our attention. M·A·C will give a portion of the proceeds from the M·A·C Rodarte collection to help those in need in Juarez. We are diligently investigating the best way to do this. Please be assured that we will keep you posted on the details regarding our efforts.

Our makeup collaboration with M·A·C developed from inspirations on a road trip that we took in Texas last year, from El Paso to Marfa. The ethereal nature of this landscape influenced the creative development and desert palette of the collection. We are truly saddened about injustice in Juarez and it is a very important issue to us. The M·A·C collaboration was intended as a celebration of the beauty of the landscape and people in the areas that we traveled.

Many other bloggers have written more passionately and more comprehensively about this issue and you can see a full listing of all the articles here:

So I GUESS my point is, I'm not mad about the names of the MAC products. I'm Mad about how insensitive Rodarte was in creating a collection like this without any nod or mention of the injustices and murders happening in these small towns from which they were "inspired"! I'm mad that MAC with its months of preparation and research didn't see the connection to the unspeakable crimes along the border towns and the hypocrisy of "ethereal" images from the Rodarte client. I'm mad at people that tell me to "Just not buy the products. It's not about looking the other way if you don't agree with something, it's about speaking up and fighting for what is right and just. In my book. Silence = Agreement. It's about making consumers and companies make better decisions.

MAC has said that they intend to give a "portion of the proceeds" to "help those in need in Juarez" and while they aren't specific on the amount or who will benefit from said donation I thought, along with Styrch from the Pretty In Dayton blog that making a donation in lieu of what one would have spent on this collection might be a great solution. I don't want to rely on MAC to make a donation for me, and I personally don't wish to purchase anything from this collection now that it is so tainted. That is why I am looking into making a donation of $50 to one of the charities below: [7]

Amnesty Intentional
- They accept donations, but don't appear to send them to a particular cause, hence my reluctance to donate.I want to know where my money is going.
Mujeres de Juarez - Seem to have a petition up but I don't see a place to donate.
Casa Amiga - seems to take donations, but the site is in Spanish. I'm still working on looking into this one.
Amigos de Mujeres - I don't think this group takes donations, but works with other organizations and channels donations to them. I have written them asking for more information.

I am going to continue to add to these charities. If you know of any I should add for this cause, please let me know and I will add it to the list.

If you are interested in signing a petition to urge MAC Cosmetics to donate more...or if you are interested in donating your own money to a charity to help the woman of Juarez, please see the following post from Healing Beauty HERE!

[1] National Organization for Women "Femicides of Juarez Fact Sheet"

[2]Council on Hemispheric Affairs "
Femicides of Juárez: Violence Against Women in Mexico" by COHA Research Associate Nidya Sarria

[3] Information on Factories in bordertowns can be found here

[4] Information on MAC Cosmetics Release and Official Statements from Rodarte and MAC from Temptalia

[5] Quinceanrea information taken from Wikipedia

[6] List from Washington Office Of Latin America "Murders of Women in Juárez and Chihuahua, Mexico January 2004 through May 2007"

[7] Pretty In Dayton Blog Post "MAC & Rodarte - I feel like doing something about it. How about you?"


  1. The Quinceanera product seemed particularly badly done to me too in the context of the collection., MAC.

    Excellent post.

  2. very well-written and researched post

  3. Extremely thorough and well researched! Thanks Elvira. <3

  4. Excellent (and heartbreaking) post. I literally have tears in my eyes. :(

  5. Very thorough.

    The names do offend me.

    The launch image reminds me of the infamous heroin chic fashion/beauty period. The model doesn't strike me as looking so much ethereal as downright ill.

    Using exploited and abused women as fashion muses isn't acceptable.

  6. This is a wonderful post, filled with so much information. Thank you for including charities to donate to.
    I'm offended by all of this and I haven't finished my post because it just keeps getting longer and longer.
    I agree that I don't want MAC to make the donation for me and I'm not buying anything from the collection.

  7. Thanks for all the info Elvira, I have read quite a few post on the subject and with every post I get madder. I normally look forward to the collabration launches with MAC and other fashion designers but I will not be buyinh anything from this collection. I hope enough people will stay away from this launch.

    Great post!

  8. I applaud you for this post! Very well said, and thank you for all of the research. I am very angry at MAC for this, and will not be buying anything from them for a very long time.

  9. Wow! I had no idea, great post!

  10. Thank you for your post and bringing light to this subject.

  11. That promo picture freaks me out. The girl in it looks dead, there's no way they can say they didn't know/base an entire collection on a city filled with murders after that picture.

    I personally don't believe they should release the collection at all. If so, donate ALL the money earned to a charity. They screwed up big time with this.

    On one last note, 'Quinceanera' seems so out of place among other products with creepy names.

  12. Wow, thanks for shedding light on the subject. I had no idea. For shame MAC and Rodarte!

  13. They are detatched and out of touch with the real world. The fact that they partnered with a fashion house trying to bring "death" back into vogue isn't surprising. The only bright spot is that maybe their ignorance may shine some light on this tragedy and help it come to an end. Your post was most enlightening. Thank you.

  14. Heartbreaking and sickening. I am beside myself with sadness. I 2nd Miss Boom "Shame on M.A.C & Rodarte!"
    Shame, shame, shame.

  15. What an excellent post! The horrible life those poor women must live - and the shame of trying to make it sound romantic to attract buyers. Disgusting! Thanks for letting your readers know - no MAC or Rodarte products from these collections for me.

  16. Sounds like Rodarte didn't do their research and are having to backpeddle after the fact. I'm sure everything's already printed and such, but you'd think they'd re-name some things. I've been on that drive and I don't see how anything on that drive can be inspiring. Really. Should be interesting.

  17. Thank you for posting this and I'm really sad that this is the direction Rodarte went into for Fall. Even if they didn't mean to exploit the situation in Juarez it just lacks sensitivity. I stand by my decision of not buying anything from this collection.

  18. I agree with Lexi. I don't know if MAC/Rodarte intentionally meant to be this offensive. But it shows their ignorance. Great research.

    I've been fed up with MAC for sometime now anyways. I'm glad people are expressing their opinions and making themselves heard.

  19. Really well done, Elvira, I've retweeted!

  20. Thanks for this! I found this collection in such poor taste that it almost seemed like a bad joke. The model shown in the main promotional image looked like a corpse or a ghost. Uh, yeah, I won't be buying any of this collection.

    At least this issue has helped bring some attention to this issue. No thanks to MAC or Rodarte though, it is blogger outrage that is helping people see how horrible things are in Juarez. Anyway, great, well researched post.

  21. excellent, well-researched statement - the best I've seen yet.

    I just want to add that the issue of the murders in Juarez garnered more attention through Roberto Bolaño's novel 2666, which deals (in excruciating, enumerated detail) with these crimes. huge book amongst the New York literati in 2008...someone should have noticed. the handling of this collection is so awful it seems like a joke.

  22. Thank you, Thank you, Thank you!!! Thank you for this amazing, researched and well thought out post. As a Chicana in southern California, I hear about the horrors going on in the border town in the news (English and Spanish) and continue to wonder and question why nothing has been done about whats going on in Juarez and other border towns. It saddens me to hear about all these youg girls and women suffering in fear. I feel that they are all involved in covering the corruption and death- the officials, the government, the president, the factory management/owners...its just such a disaster. :(

  23. Fantastically well written and well researched post. I can't really add much to the other comments, apart from to echo them - I am disgusted with MAC and Rodarte over this.

  24. I have to thank you for making this great post, it is excellent, so well informed and concise with evidence and everything, and of course thanks for your valuable opinion.
    When I read in early July the names of the products and realized that the line was actually related to the factories and young girls in Juarez, and after reading the description that the designers made, I was stranged, being a latina I knew about the murders in Juarez and all the issues with border drug traffic. After seeing the ghost like zombie promo pictures and the pictures of products, the mineralize eyeshadow "bordertown", to me it started to look like BLOODY FLESH and after reading the comments and reviews my mind opened.
    I think that with the choice of names the designers were somewhat aware of the ghost town image they wanted to present and had nothing to do with the environment or "ethereal" ambience, probably they where trying to appeal the mystic-gothic side of people, IT IS NOT RIGHT. I am happy that many great bloggers are present to say what is going on, and express their thoughts about this collection.
    "El que calla otorga" (The silence gives consent) or as you said Silence=Agreement.

  25. Thank you for explaining this issue. I am horrified Rodarte created a collection based on this. I'm considering not buying anything from this MAC launch. This roubles me.

  26. Thank you for such a well written, insightful and infromative post.

  27. Bravo for taking a stand! It is horrifying that the unspeakable crimes in the Border Towns still continue. The working conditions too make me wonder sometimes how we view Mexico, just across the Rio Grande.

    Based on the responses from MAC and Rodarte, they've completely missed the point.

    I actually hadn't heard about the controversy as I haven't been following MAC but I am truly disgusted.

  28. Thank you so much for this well-written, intelligent and sensitive post. Spreading information is crucial in order to bring light to this unbearable situation in Mexico. I have read many many posts on beauty boards by people who don't think MAC has done anything wrong, people who don't see 'what the big deal is'. Articles like this one help clear the confusion...

  29. Wow thanks for writing about this. I wasn't aware of what was happening there.
    I'm disappointed in MAC.

  30. This is a great post, one of the better ones regarding this debacle. Thanks.

  31. Thank you so much for the well researched and written post, and for informing those who had never heard of the atrocities happening in Juarez. I wholehartedly believe that it was neither MAC or Rodarte's intention to bring awereness to the issue, absolutely no way. How on earth can they create a $20 eyeshadow or gloss and say that it's to inform other consumers about the kidnappings, rape, torture, dismemberment of hundreds or maybe thousands of women and little girls? I am sickened of many comments on another site that say "it's just makeup" or "don't bring me down" and the good ol' "if you don't like it, don't buy it." Fuck that! It's disgusting and so incredibly offensive that a fashion and cosmetics line were inspired by the maquiladora workers in Ciudad Juarez.
    I'm sick and tired of people and how uncaring they are. I'm sure they'll sell many times more than their shitty $100k donation to some unnamed charity. Sweat shops around the world abuse their employees, work them to death. 13 suicide attempts at the iPad factory aren't publicized either. Just throwing this in for fun, if there wasn't such a huuuuuuuuuuge demand for drugs in the US, Mexico wouldn't be in the shitty state it's in now and their people wouldn't be running away to a different country. Sorry about the rant.

  32. I don't have much to say that hasn't already been said. Thank you and thank you to all the other beauty bloggers for writing about this issue. You ladies deserve a round of applause for your informative posts.

  33. Thoughtfully written post. Thanks for the information.

  34. Thanks for the post. So shocking!

    Thanks for the donation links, I'll look into it.

  35. Elvira, this is one damn good commentary. Its truly saddening to see some people being insensitive and naive to what is really happening outside their penthouses and vacation spots. they need a quick snap of reality.

    honestly, i didnt know of Juarez and how dangerous it is for women until this MAC/ Rodarte issue came up.

    thank you for sharing the links to the organizations as well, you have a good heart. :)

  36. very detailed post im glad we are all getting involved in this, you can read my view here:

    and the response from mac here:


  37. Thanks for this informative and thoughtful post - MAC and Rodarte clearly lost touch with reality here. The collection was offensive in so many ways but I wish they would just pull the collection completely, admit that it's been tainted with ignorance and move on to some more Disney or Sanrio themes. Stick to what you know, MAC.

  38. Well said as usual Elvira! Not only does the collection lack sensitivity, but the IMAGES! Does the model not look like a walking corpse?

  39. After viewing the the opinions on some other blogs I am pretty didenchanted with the "whatever" views from other women.

    MAC/Rodarte DID do enough reasearch to make this look like a custom tailored exploitation, weather you are offended or not. Just imagine if they designed a 9/11 Collection with colors like Twisted Metal, Charred Remains, Crushed Concrete and Freighter Decay, we would loose our collective marbles. Would it be okay if they did not intend to donate any of those proceeds to a related charity and just made money off the situation?

    The fasion looks like death and the make-up names coinside, maybe the women of Juarez can sue them for some type of copywright infringement, it would come out to much more than a paltry $100,000 afterthought. MAC isn't sorry they did this, they are sorry they got caught. Sorry MAC, too little to late.

  40. Thank you for such a thoughtful post, Elvira. I was only vaguely aware of what was going on down on the border, and had no idea of some of the horrors these women experience. I certainly had no idea MAC and Rodarte had found a way to exploit it. ALL of the imagery associated with the campaign, including the model, is unconscionable. I can't for the life of me understand what they were thinking with the launch of this collection.

    Lipstick Musings

  41. Wow- I had not heard about this new collection- It is absolutely disgusting. I was without words for a moment. I thought, surely, this is a joke. Seriously? It is an awful joke. But no. It is no joke.
    Your post hit the nail on the head, but I thought of something else too that makes this collection even MORE disgusting to me personally. Hopefully I can convey it correctly without getting it all twisted and too long.
    I live, born and raised, in Texas, and my stepfather grew up on ThisSide of the US/Mexico border (barely!) and he is hispanic. Although he moved from there years ago, we have family living on the border. In 2002, We visited a border town in Mexico when we went to see his mother and it was relatively calm compared to places like Juarez, which have, from my understanding, always been rough and plagued with violence.

    What is going on now in that once-calm and relatively idyllic small town that I visited is an empty, drug-fueled violence culture. Many people have fled. Many others are far too poor to leave. I have pictures of my sister and I in the town square which had cute benches and hedges trimmed in different shapes and lots of beautiful flowers. It was a nice, calm town. My stepfather tells me now that the same square that was once manicured and comfortable was the site of a drug-cartel shoot out akin to the Old Western shoot outs we see depicted in movies. Bodies riddled the square, blood everywhere.
    From my understanding and common knowledge of the situation at the border, the massive violence and incomprehensible killings that have gone on for YEARS in Juarez have been fueled in part by a lawless, drug cartel war, as well as the out-right disrespect for human life. Now all along the border and throughout Mexico, even in the vacation hot spots, the drug cartels are killing people, hanging dead bodies in the streets as reminders that the cartels are there fighting.
    With this knowledge, ESPECIALLY since the drug cartel violence has been ALL-OVER-THE-NEWS recently (HELLO MAC wtf) this collection is a slap in the face to ANYBODY on this side of the border (Hello, anyone in USA?), anybody who has friends and family members in that area, too poor to leave, who just like the women in Juarez who work but who fear for their lives every day.

    Excellent post Elvira. I wish I had a blog and I would get some really indepth and referenced fact in there along with my common knowledge and opinion. But this is just my long @ss reply to you.
    OMG mac, w.t.f. have you got yourself into? I'll stop before people get sick of me.

  42. It’s still sad that MAC and Rodarte would try to profit from the exploitation, murder and rape of these women in Juarez.

    I don’t think Rodarte ever even visited Juarez. Their collection is based on fear and fantasy and not reality or events or even sensitivity to the people living there. Instead of making real life ghosts and corpses, why don’t they stop using the factories and sweatshops in the fashion industry?

  43. Very good post, very informative ! Keep going !
    And F*** these shame companies !

  44. This post answered the question in my head. The article is very prolific and substantial. Thank you for being sensibly emotional and dutifully informative about this issue.

  45. Thank you Elvira for posting this one! I was out of town so am a bit late reading your postings but I'm very impressed by the amount of research you did on it. I never liked MAC anyways. Way too corporate (low quality makeup- way too much marketing), and have heard about Rodarte but whatever, I digress, you have already essentially adressed the most important elements here.
    Thank you.

  46. One thing that highly annoys me in these Rodarte discussions is that whenever I see a reference to the violence in Juarez, it's always proceeded by the term women, as if it's only women and that's why it's bad. It's not just women - anybody there could be in danger. It just feels sexist as if women were not targets then nobody would give a damn or nobody would make such a squawk.

  47. Re: "'Quinceanera' seems so out of place among other products with creepy names."

    I agree. The word takes on a twisted meaning in this context. A celebration that will never occur because of death, or maybe even a celebration of death. It's like they're mocking the dead women.

    I think the Rodarte sisters were aware of the situation in Juarez, but they didn't care, and they didn't think anybody else would care either. They disgust me.

    I will never buy MAC/Estee Lauder?Rodarte again.

  48. I would never buy MAC again. It i terrible that a company which products target female customers glorifies violence against women.

    Take a stand and boycott MAC!!!

  49. Ok. I was the one who said this blog was too wordy and I sometime drop off. Not this time! Reading this was very moving to me and I feel like never buying MAC again. I think names like "sleepwalker" ARE BEYOND AWFUL> What does that mean?? A depressed potential murder victim walking to work?? OMG> This is a case of people at MAC who have completely lost touch worse than the Devil Wears Prada. Do they think this is ok!?? Sorry about my comment about being too long cause now I'm going off! Down with MAC.

  50. I'm surprised about MAC especially with the things they do for aids I guess human rights is joke to them. I'm so sickened by it that I will not be buying MAC or makeup from their parent company Estee Lauder.
    Jeez, what next concentration camp victims, twin towers campaigns? They should of had money donated to the cause before trying to capatalize on the victims of Juarez.

  51. Very well written. Thank you.


Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...